דברים), "the words [of Moses]", and the fifth book of the Christian Old Testament, where it is also known as the Fifth Book of Moses. 10 Interesting Facts About Different Books of the Bible – Deuteronomy. Other names are as following: FIVE BOOK OF MOSES - CHUMASH GENESIS - BERESHIT EXODUS - SHMOT LEVITICUS - VAYIKRA … In Deuteronomy, Moses reminds the people of God’s actions in the past: His promises to Abraham in Genesis; His faithfulness in rescuing Israel in Exodus; His holiness in Leviticus; His punishment on the disobedient in Numbers Moses wrote Deuteronomy approximately 1407-1406 B.C. [17] The two poems at chapters 32–33 – the Song of Moses and the Blessing of Moses were probably originally independent. B. A contract, or covenant, requires obedience, and God expects nothing less. It represents a formal agreement between God and his people Israel. The key personalities are Moses and Joshua. The final four chapters (31–34) contain the Song of Moses, the Blessing of Moses, and the narratives recounting the passing of the mantle of leadership from Moses to Joshua and, finally, the death of Moses on Mount Nebo. Moses wrote this book to remind the Israelites of what God had done and to remind them of what God expects of them. these messages are intended to speak to every member of the congregation of Israel, not just the religious. Deuteronomy reviews the Torah and foreshadows the rest of the Old Testament‘s story. The book draws the minds of its intended readers back to a time before disastrous mistakes were made and their disastrous effects felt, and serves to explain the political and theological dynamics that led to the destruction of the North as well as to warn the surviving Southern Kingdom, Judah, to reform by keeping faith with Israel’s covenant Lord. Furthermore, Deuteronomy is often cited in the New Testament. Wright . It is a sermon Moses gave to the Israelites before they entered into the promised land. He was 120 years old at the time of its writing. The book of Deuteronomy, along with Psalms and Isaiah, reveals much about the attributes of God. [14] The history of Deuteronomy is seen in the following general terms:[15], The prophet Isaiah, active in Jerusalem about a century before Josiah, makes no mention of the Exodus, covenants with God, or disobedience to God's laws; in contrast Isaiah's contemporary Hosea, active in the northern kingdom of Israel, makes frequent reference to the Exodus, the wilderness wanderings, a covenant, the danger of foreign gods and the need to worship Yahweh alone; this has led scholars to the view that these traditions behind Deuteronomy have a northern origin. The Israelites grieved for Moses in the plains of Moab thirty days, until the time of weeping and mourning was over. Does God oppose religious freedom in the Old Testament? Sinai. The commandments are not presented in legal format, but are cast in the style of a sermon, interwoven with pleas and exhortations to obedience, all grounded in the prevenient (initiating) grace of God. [13] It is a series of mitzvot (commands) to the Israelites regarding how they ought to conduct themselves in Canaan, the land promised by Yahweh, God of Israel. The earliest 7th century layer is monolatrous, not denying the reality of other gods but enforcing the worship of Yahweh in Jerusalem alone. They detail God's covenant relationship with the Jewish people that is woven throughout the Old Testament . The speeches that constitute this address recall Israel’s past, reiterate laws that Moses had communicated to the people a ", Learn Religions uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. The narrative of Deuteronomy is set on the east side of the Jordan River, on the plains of Moab, within view of Canaan. 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